As Katrina made landfall, wind, rain and storm surge devastated the Gulf Coast. Water began flooding New Orleans , pouring through levees designed to protect the city. As President George W. Katrina also ravaged a wide area beyond New Orleans. Thousands of residents sheltered locally , and many were left in temporary housing afterward. Over 65, jobs were lost. Casino closures cost Biloxi millions of dollars in revenues. Other disasters followed — most notably, the recession and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
In I met Biloxians who were still working to rebuild storm-damaged homes. Many lots sat empty, either for sale or awaiting construction. Biloxians who wanted to return after Katrina told me about challenges they faced. Key issues included finding housing; covering rising costs for rebuilding; elevating structures to meet new flood requirements; paying higher insurance premiums; and waiting for the city to repair utilities and infrastructure.
That work is still ongoing. In the city sued the Federal Emergency Management Agency for refusing to pay some costs for the project, now scheduled for completion in Local road repairs and paving continue in the hardest hit neighborhoods.
But waning attention and support are critical obstacles to rebuilding neighborhoods. Long-term disaster recovery is never just about one event. It is a complex lived experience of simultaneously coping with recovery, new disasters and daily life. This is especially true along the Gulf Coast, which is frequently struck by hurricanes and tropical storms. Many Biloxians I spoke with described how experiences with previous hurricanes — notably, Camille in — influenced their Katrina decision-making.
But this perception shifted with time. Critics, such as members of Coastal Women for Change , a local advocacy group, began to question why government officials prioritized casinos over nearby homes. Before Katrina, Mississippi had required casinos to be located offshore on barges as a way of confining gambling. After the storm, the state legislature amended the law, allowing casinos to be rebuilt on land within feet of the waterfront.
When communities receive disaster aid, the focus is often on large institutions like the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the Red Cross. But I found in my research that Biloxians had much more positive views of efforts by individuals, local organizations and small groups. The Interstate 90 bridge over St. Louis Bay in Pass Christian, Miss. Laney Chesney, 10, looks at her damaged home after a tree split her house in half on Aug. Debris blocks a road in Pascagoula, Miss. Katrina caused widespread damage to the Gulf area.
Two unidentified men help a disabled girl to safety after the home in which she was staying was flooded by Hurricane Katrina in Pascagoula, Miss. Melanie Seaman, left, and her daughter Miranda sit on the detached roof of a relative's home on Washington Avenue in Pascagoula, Miss. Residents of Moss Point, Miss. Donald Schwartz raises a flag on a utility pole found in the debris of a house which was destroyed by Hurricane Katrina in Biloxi, Miss.
Jane Prochillo reacts as she comes upon the damaged home of a friend on Washington Avenue in Pascagoula, Miss. Garron Lenaz recovers an American flag from the rubble in front of his home in Gulfport, Miss. Bay St. Louis Emergency Management Agency volunteer crews rescue the Taylor family from the roof of their suburban, which became trapped on US 90 due to flooding during Hurricane Katrina, Aug.
In Bay St. The destruction brought forth by Katrina also caused about one-quarter of the labor force to lose their jobs, with the unemployment rate reaching as high as Harrison County, Mississippi was hit particularly hard by the hurricane and the storm surge. Its two largest coastal cities, Biloxi and Gulfport , suffered severe damages and a number of casualties.
Nearby Gulfshore Baptist Assembly, a camp owned and operated by the Mississippi Baptist Convention, has been permanently closed, and recommendations have been made to build a new facility elsewhere. In the tourist town of Biloxi, widespread damage was reported as several of the city's attractions were destroyed. Residents who survived Hurricane Camille stated that Katrina was "much worse," with a storm surge reportedly reaching further inland than the previous catastrophic storm.
Katrina's wind estimates were lighter than Camille's, and the central air pressure was slightly higher, but Camille was also a much smaller storm so the greater impact of the storm surge may be due to the size. Keesler Air Force Base , also located in Biloxi, reported extensive damage to its facilities. Gulfport authorities reported to news station CNN that up to ten feet of water covered downtown streets.
The Biloxi-Ocean Springs Bridge was also totally destroyed, and US 90 had heavy debris and severe damage to the roadbed. Thirty of the confirmed deaths in Harrison County were at the St. Rebuilding in Harrison County proceeded at different paces in different towns.
The town of Biloxi was greatly helped by the resurgence of the casino industry, while smaller towns such as Pass Christian did not have an economic base with which to start the reconstruction effort. By January , almost a year and a half after the Hurricane, Pass Christian had still not yet begun rebuilding its city buildings, and volunteer labor was still involved in rebuilding private homes in the town.
The team resumed play in In Jackson County , the storm surge flowed up the wide river estuary , with the combined surge and freshwater floods cutting the county in half. United States Navy officials announced that two Arleigh Burke -class guided missile destroyers that were under construction at Litton-Ingalls Shipbuilding in Pascagoula had been damaged by the storm, as well as the amphibious assault ship USS Makin Island.
After Hurricane Katrina, all counties in Mississippi were declared disaster areas, with 49 counties eligible for full Federal assistance. The following Mississippi counties alphabetical order reported deaths, tornadoes, or damage: [ citation needed ]. Since Hurricane Katrina traveled up the entire state, Mississippi lies in the center of the disaster areas for the region.
Outside the area of high winds and storm surge, other areas were affected by spin-off tornadoes and rainfall flooding. The map below shows the declared disaster areas in the region. Rebuilding of towns took years, and some areas were not restored. The bay bridges were rebuilt taller and stronger, as had been done around Pensacola in the years following Hurricane Ivan The casino-gambling regulations were changed to allow casinos to be built on land in taller buildings, no longer forcing the use of massive floating casino barges near a city, which could again become battering rams along 2nd and 3rd-story levels of nearby hotels.
Celebrities who had previously visited New Orleans came to understand the massive devastation that occurred along the Gulf Coast cities. The US Army Corps of Engineers developed plans to rebuild the protective barrier islands that had been washed out to sea along the coastal areas. Detailed reports were written describing how people had survived by swimming to taller buildings or trees, and noting that those too old or unable to swim did not survive.
Many residents moved away and never returned. Medical studies attempted to estimate the indirect deaths caused by people losing their homes or local medical support. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For another five or six hours, on each side of that, they [Gulfport] had hurricane-force winds over 75 miles per hour; much of the city [Gulfport, Mississippi, in Harrison County] of 71, was then under water.
Emergency crews rescued over people, from rooftops or trees, in Mississippi. Archived from the original on Retrieved Hurricane Katrina: Performance of Transportation Systems. December 14, August 30, February 9, August 29, Archived from the original PDF on March 26, August 31, November 24, September 1, August 26, Hurricane Katrina. Disaster relief International response Media coverage Diaspora. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Commons category link is on Wikidata.
Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Add links. Hurricane Katrina almost at maximum intensity. Mississippi , particularly the coast.
That racino in Vinton was closed just before Hurricane Laura made landfall Aug. A spokeswoman for Reno-based Caesars Entertainment Corp. There was no property damage. Contact Richard N. Velotta at rvelotta reviewjournal. Follow RickVelotta on Twitter. Merging with a blank-check company is the latest trend for private companies ready to hit a stock exchange, especially for those in high-growth industries such as online gaming.
John Acres has developed a Hall-of-Fame reputation in the slot machine systems world. Now, he and son Noah have formed Acres Technology to change the casino floor again. Under Gov. The Washington D. The real estate wing of Kansas conglomerate Koch Industries teamed with Florida developer Jeffrey Soffer to acquire the unfinished Drew Las Vegas property on the north Strip, according to a news release Thursday.
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